Sunday, May 24, 2020

The Lottery By Shirley Jackson - 1112 Words

Two stories that correlate the best with each other are â€Å"The Lottery† by Shirley Jackson and â€Å"Those Who Walk Away From Omelas† by Ursula Le Guin. In â€Å"The Lottery† all the people of this one town get together in the middle of the square to pick someone for the lottery. Every household gets one piece of paper from a black box that has only one black spotted paper. If the paper has a black spot, that household is to put the black spot and however many more people are in that family into the box. Then, the family chooses. The family member with the black spot gets stoned to death by the towns’ people. Tessie Hutchinson was the one that was chosen in â€Å"The Lottery†. Similarly in, â€Å"Those Who Walk Away From Omelas† the entire town knows a young child is being kept in a basement with very low standards. The children of this town find out about the child when they are eight to twelve. Some of the young people decide that they cannot live in a place where this is going on, so they leave Omelas and never return. In these stories, the community uses a scapegoat to be used by the others to make horrific scenes. The villagers in the two stories want to make their towns the perfect utopia. In Jackson’s story she says, â€Å"The pile of stones the boys had made earlier was ready; there were stones on the ground with the blowing scraps of paper that had come out of the box. Delacroix selected a stone so large she had to pick it up with both hands and turned to Mrs. Dunbar. â€Å"Come on,† she said.Show MoreRelatedThe Lottery, By Shirley Jackson1195 Words   |  5 PagesOn the surface, Shirley Jackson’s short story, â€Å"The Lottery,† reads as a work of horror. There is a village that holds an annual lottery where the winner is stoned to death so the village and its people could prosper. Some underlying themes include: the idea that faith and tradition are often followed blindly, an d those who veer away from tradition are met with punishment, as well as the idea of a herd mentality and bystander apathy. What the author manages to do successfully is that she actuallyRead MoreThe Lottery by Shirley Jackson757 Words   |  4 Pagessucceed but many fail just like the main character Tessie Hutchinson in Shirley Jackson’s short story â€Å"The Lottery†. When someone hears the word â€Å"lottery†, he or she may think that someone will be rewarded with prize. But â€Å"The Lottery† By Shirley Jackson is different than what one thinks. In the story, a lottery is going to be conducted not like Mega Million or Powerball one play here. In the story, the person who wins the lottery is stoned to death instead of being rewarded with the prize. TessieRead MoreThe Lottery By Shirley Jackson931 Words   |  4 PagesIn 1948 Shirley Jackson composed the controversial short story â€Å"The Lottery.† Generally speaking, a title such as â€Å"T he Lottery† is usually affiliated with an optimistic outlook. However, Jackson’s approach is quite unorthodox and will surely leave readers contemplating the intent of her content. The story exposes a crude, senseless lottery system in which random villagers are murdered amongst their peers. Essentially, the lottery system counteracts as a form of population control, but negatives easilyRead MoreThe Lottery By Shirley Jackson1504 Words   |  7 Pagesâ€Å"The Lottery† by Shirley Jackson In The Lottery Shirley Jackson fills her story with many literary elements to mask the evil. The story demonstrates how it is in human nature to blindly follow traditions. Even though some people have no idea why they follow these traditions. The title of the story plays a role in how Shirley Jackson used some literary elements to help mask the evils and develop the story. The title â€Å"The Lottery† serves as an allegory. When people think of the lottery majorityRead More`` The Lottery `` By Shirley Jackson894 Words   |  4 Pagesshort story â€Å"The Lottery†, author Shirley Jackson demonstrates Zimbardo’s concepts in three different areas: Authority figures, Tradition and Superstition, and Loyalty. The first concept Jackson portrays in â€Å"The Lottery† is the authority figures. Jackson indicates that the lottery is being held in the town center by one authority figure, Mr. Summers, annually on June 27th. Every June 27th, without fail, townspeople gather in the town square to participate in the annually lottery even though mostRead MoreThe Lottery, By Shirley Jackson1510 Words   |  7 PagesShirley Jackson’s â€Å"The Lottery† illustrates several aspects of the darker side of human nature. The townspeople in Jackson’s â€Å"The Lottery† unquestioningly adhere to a tradition which seems to have lost its relevance in their lives. The ritual that is the lottery shows how easily and willingly people will give up their free will and suspend their consciences to conform to tradition and people in authority. The same mindless complacency and obedience shown by the villagers in Jackson’s story are seenRead MoreThe Lottery By Shirley Jackson8 11 Words   |  4 Pagesâ€Å"The Lottery† was published by Shirley Jackson. The story was true expression of Jackson’s genuine thoughts about human beings and their heinous competence in an annual village event for corn harvest . First, her used to word symbolized main point of the story. Second, Jackson was inspired by few historical events happened in the past and a life incident in her life. Lastly, She was able to accomplish the connection between historical and biographical with the story. Therefore, Shirley Jackson’sRead MoreThe Lottery By Shirley Jackson934 Words   |  4 Pagesâ€Å"The Lottery† by Shirley Jackson signifies the physical connection between the villagers and their unwillingness to give up their tradition. â€Å"The Lottery† is very unpredictable and quite misleading. The black box has no functionality, except every June 27th. Shirley Jackson depicts the black box as an important and traditional tool. Although the villagers in â€Å"The Lottery† are terrified of the goal of the lottery and the black box, they are unwilling to let go of the tradition. Shirley Jackson portraysRead MoreThe Lottery by Shirley Jackson799 Words   |  4 Pagesthe mood and to foreshadow of things to come. The Lottery by Shirley Jackson is a story in which the setting sets up the reader to think of positive outcomes. However, this description of the setting foreshadows exactly the opposite of what is to come. In addition, the theme that we learn of at the end leads us to think of where the sanity of some human beings lies. The story begins with the establishment of the setting. To begin, Shirley Jackson tells the reader what time of day and what time ofRead MoreThe Lottery by Shirley Jackson1764 Words   |  7 Pagesfilled with excitement and eeriness, leaving the reader speechless. The Lottery , a short story written by famous writer Shirley Jackson, created an uproar on June 26, 1948, when it was published in the magazine The New Yorker (Ball). The gothic thriller, set in an unknown time and place, shares the tradition of a small town, a little larger than three hundred people, in which a drawing is held once a year. In this â€Å"Lottery,† each family’s husband draws a slip of paper from a black box. The husband

Thursday, May 14, 2020

The Basics of Islam - 1816 Words

The religion of Islam is primarily centered on achieving peace and surrendering the self to the will of God or Allah and His Law. Islam began forming into the religion it is today under a prophet named Muhammad who became the final prophet of God, The Seal of the Prophets. Although known as The Seal of Prophets, Muslims believe that he was only a man chosen by Allah, as a messenger and teacher of living for God. Before faced with a mission from God, Muhammad saw his society collapse and social order being built upon corruption, so he spent fifteen years pondering the divine and laying down the spiritual groundwork for his own ministry. After much studying, he concluded that Allah is the one and only creator, and provider of the world; â€Å"there is no God, but Allah.† The new ministry of Muhammad began with the journey to a mountain in Mecca, where Allah asked him to cry out the His name and teachings to the people, therefore leading to a ministry of praise and reform by the final prophet. Through various times throughout Muhammad’s life, he began to hear and convey messages that would later be orally passed down and formed into the Koran; he was to teach the revelation, speak the revelation put into practice, so that others may see God as the one and only. Muhammad would continue to proclaim that the Koran was the only miracle performed through him. Like other prophets, Muhammad faced difficulties and rejection during his ministry by the government; first, only mockery ofShow MoreRelatedThe Basic Beliefs Of Islam1660 Words   |  7 PagesOne of the basic beliefs of Islam is that God has sent his revelation through a series of communications to humans in many ways and times. The recipients of these communications are referred to as both prophets (to specific communities) and messengers (with a universal message). Jews and Christians recognize many of the prophets and messengers mentioned in the Qur’an, the sacred scripture of Islam, for their role in Old Testament history. In Islam, Jesus generally is considered to be the greatestRead MoreThe Basic Teachings of Islam3603 Words   |  15 PagesTopic: the basic teachings of Islam Introduction Religion is one way of helping people establish a meaningful way of life, ground on promoting humanity’s personal growth and the concerns of others. Religion is not a simple term to define because different people from different societies, cultures and contexts may give different meanings and interpretations of religion. Roger Schmidt in his book, Exploring Religion, comments that, â€Å"religion is a set of beliefs, practices, and social structures, groundedRead MoreThe Basic Message Of Islam757 Words   |  4 PagesWhat was the basic message of Islam, and why was it able to expand so successfully? The basic message of Islam was that there was one God who ruled over the other Gods and whose name was Allah. Muslim Prophet Muhammad was the last and greatest prophet of Allah. He believed that Allah had exposed himself in Moses and Jesus and thru the Hebrew and Christian traditions (203). The last revelations were given to him. These revelations were written down in a holy book that became the Qur an. TheRead MoreIslam Is Based On Three Basic Fundamentals2746 Words   |  11 PagesIslam is based on three basic fundamentals which is essential for the directing the life of its followers: 1. First principle is the Religious Beliefs which is also known as Usul al-Din which means Roots of Religion. This is the very fundamental core of the religion and gives it a basic tenet of life for the followers. 2. Second principle is called as Religious Practice which is also known Furu al-Din which means Branches of Religion and this defines the peripheral aspects of the religious practicesRead MoreUniversity of Phoenix: Islam Worksheet1148 Words   |  5 PagesUniversity of Phoenix Material Islam Worksheet When studying Islam, it is important to understand the essential elements of the faith, how they are practiced, and the distinctions among the three branches: Shiite Islam, Sunni Islam, and Sufism. Write a 1- to 2-paragraph response for each of the following directives and note where there are differences among the three branches of Islam. Explain the meaning of the name, Islam. The Islamic religion is a Middle Eastern, Arabic Peninsula,Read MoreReligious Worksheet.1034 Words   |  5 PagesUniversity of Phoenix Material Islam Worksheet 1. Explain the meaning of the name, Islam. To understand the religion Islam the most important thing is to understand the meaning of the name. As one can see that Islam is not named after a person like in Christianity after Jesus Christ. Islam is the true religion of Allah and as such, its name represents the main principle of Allah â€Å"God† religion the total submission to the will of Allah. Islam means the submission or surrender of one’s willRead MoreEssay on Islam: A Religion and Culture1630 Words   |  7 PagesIslam: A Religion and Culture Islam is one of the oldest religions in history dating back to about 600 AD. It began when a man named Muhammad heard a voice from the heavens instructing him to proclaim the word of god. Currently there are over 800 million followers of the Muslim religion. The main text of the religion is the Quran which is said to be the word of God, or Allah as called in Muslim. Within the Quran, The five pillars of Islam are proclaimed along with many other concepts very uniqueRead MoreIslam : A Religion Of Discipline And Devotion1298 Words   |  6 PagesIslam: A Religion of Discipline and Devotion Islam is the second largest monotheistic religion in the world that comes under Abrahamic faith. It consists of one point six billion followers that cover approximately twenty three percent of the world’s population, and adherents of this faith are known as Muslims. The ideal fundamentals and principles of Islam is often misunderstood in the western society. Eventhough it is one of the most powerful growing religion in the world, it is percieved toRead MoreEssay Muslims and the Religion of Islam1078 Words   |  5 Pagesdecided to choose the religion of Islam. I decided to pick this religion because of its fast growing rate. It is also different from what I am used to growing up with, so I was interested in learning more. I had learned some basic facts after the 9/11 event, but the Muslim religion and culture was still a mystery to me. Picking this topic has helped me learn more about Muslims and will help me better relate to them in my future work. Background and History Islam is the religion for about a fifthRead MoreIslam vs. Christianity Essay608 Words   |  3 PagesOn the surface, Islam and Christianity appear to have very little in common, however, as you get deeper into areas such as rituals, beliefs, ethics, founders, and sacred objects, the two show strong mutual similarities, particularly in the fundamental areas, while being totally different. In this essay I will compare and contrast many of the facets that make up the worlds largest and most recognized religions, Christianity and Islam.

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

What Is So Fascinating About Common Cbest Essay Topics?

What Is So Fascinating About Common Cbest Essay Topics? What You Need to Do About Common Cbest Essay Topics To begin with, you'll need to understand how to produce ideas for your primary body paragraphs as a way to learn how to write them. You will also have to understand how to use transition words in your paragraphs. So now you are aware of how to pick the best compare and contrast topics and the various segments you have to address when writing. It's important to select debatable argumentative essay topics since you need opposing points which you can counter to your own points. Common Cbest Essay Topics Can Be Fun for Everyone Inspiration to make your own advertising or media argumentative essay topics isn't really hard to discover. There are many sources from where you're able to gather information on your subjects but be sure that you always go with facts. Lucky for you, there are a lot of topics you could concentrate on when writing and it's all your responsibility t o ascertain the precise topic that you would like to build on. Therefore, you've got to discover enough substantial evidence for the specific topic. Imagine that you're a school principal faced with the job of making policy for your school. Explain your commitments, and you'll be the type of student colleges find immensely attractive. Some students utilize the very first idea which arrives in their head and work on it, but the outcome isn't successful. Students who excel in writing about such complex topic might have an opportunity to be enrolled into a number of the ideal Art universities to come up with their abilities and talent. For some exams, you should write a couple of essays based on topics provided. Standardized examinations frequently have a writing component. You'll be allowed 4 hours to take the comprehensive exam. For expository essays, exam candidates will be provided a statement. The Ultimate Strategy to Common Cbest Essay Topics Frequently, folks become excited over adding new info, making a messy paper free of direction, so cut down should you need to. By way of example, students may take a sheet of classic literature and compare its predictions or place and time with the present time that they're living. The Number One Question You Must Ask for Common Cbest Essay Topics Don't forget to look at your writing after you've finished. Your writing ought to be in the very first person (I). You're writing a college application essay, and you have to know about your audience. Writing the college application essay is a difficult gig. Alternately, you could explore your favourite book or a person that you admire, or you might get inspiration from supplemental essay topics asked by other schools. Doing this, you'll certainly find your ideal essay title easily and faster. The sports essay is predictable and ought to be avoided, if at all possible. Always remember a great persuasive essay ought to be persuasive. You can begin with the form of topic you select for your compare and contrast essay. Two new essay options are added, and a number of the previous questions are revised. The second sort of essay that you'll have to write for the test is the expository sort of essay. You don't need to find super technical with legal argumentative essays, but be certain to do your homework on what the recent laws about your favorite topic actually say. Life, Death, and Common Cbest Essay Topics Colleges are not searching for perfect folks. They are looking for a sense of maturity and introspectionpinpoint the transformation and demonstrate your personal growth. The very first thing you ought to do is identify the sort of compare and contrast essay that you're handling. Word problems on your basic skills test will require you to earn logical deductions depending on the info provided. You have to present your topic, naturally, and also your thesis statement that has the function of indicating t o your readers what is the probable path of the whole work. You need to begin by examining the subject of the work and taking a place to run with.

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

Blog Post for Phenomenon of Globalization -myassignmenthelp.com

Question: Write about theBlog Post for Phenomenon of Globalization. Answer: Climate change is the burning topic for the multifaceted implication that it has on the world today and at this juncture being alarmed about the crisis is not sufficient enough. Climate change has impacted in multiple aspects started from rise in the levels, disruption in military warfare, food shortages due to drought, dearth and improper farming consequently impacting the entire ecological balance (Dalby 2014). The artificiality that has invaded into the world is partly responsible for the unnatural upturn of events leading to global warming and unpredictability in climatic pattern. In this context it is essential to take into consideration the phenomenon of globalization which has increased the technological advancement, urbanization, war and use of weapons therefore intervening with the natural balance of the earth . This transformation has threatened the natural stability of the earth. As per environmentalists, this scarcity can affect human beings not only on a materialistic level but also on a personal level. According to Feminist analysis of environmental conflict, it is rather insensitive to forget women and security that are often at the brink of violation in the face of environmental conflicts (Detraz 2009). Like an increase in population rate can result in severe scarcities, rules and regulations that are imposed in order to deal with that scarcity can become threatening as well. The negative side of environmental degradation and its effects on human beings can assume larger proportions if went overlooked for long (Detraz 2009). Eco-feminists in this sphere urge to respect the human-nature dichotomy to develop a sustainable method for the protection of life forms in its entirety that deals with environmental conflicts and climate transformations. Bibliography list: Dalby, S., 2014. Rethinking geopolitics: Climate security in the Anthropocene.Global Policy,5(1), pp.1-9. Detraz, N., 2009. Environmental security and gender: Necessary shifts in an evolving debate.Security Studies,18(2), pp.345-369.

Friday, April 3, 2020

The Heresy Of Galileo Essay Example For Students

The Heresy Of Galileo Essay ? THE HERESY OF GALILEOGalileo was condemned by the Inquisition, not for his own brilliant theories, but becausehe stood up for his belief in Copernicuss theory that the earth was not, as the Church insisted, thecenter of the universe, but that rather, the universe is heliocentric. Galileo was a man oftremendous intellect and imagination living in a era dominated by the Catholic Church, whichattempted to control the people by dictating their own version of reality. Any person whopublicly questioned Church doctrine ran the chance of condemnation and punishment. If mancould think, man could question, and the Church could lose its authority over the masses. Thiscould not be tolerated in the 17th century, when the Church had the power to dictate reality. Copernicus probably avoided a similar fate by confining his opinions to his students and theuniversity milieu, and in fact his theories were not published until the time of his death. We will write a custom essay on The Heresy Of Galileo specifically for you for only $16.38 $13.9/page Order now To be tried by the Inquisition was something that nobody could take lightly. Although inGalileos time the Inquisition was becoming more and more lenient, it was known to have usedtorture in the past and to have sent many heretics to burn at the stake. As late as 1600, this fatehad befallen the Italian thinker Giordano Bruno, a one-time Dominican friar who had adopted apantheistic philosophy of nature. From the summer of 1605, Galileo was private tutor of mathematics to young PrinceCosimo de Medici, son of the Grand Duke of Tuscany. Teacher and pupil became sincerelyattached to each other by mutual affection and deference, and this bond lasted to the end ofGalileos life. Galileo remained a good friend of the Grand Duke as well. In the summer of 1611,the Grand Duke invited Galileo to a dinner party at his court. The Duke liked to gather greatscholars around him, especially when he had illustrious guests, to hear them talk about issues ofinterest to the learned world. At this dinner the discussion centered on floating bodies. Galileomaintained that bodies can float only if their specific gravity is less than that of water. Among thedinner guests there were, however, some followers of Aristotles philosophies, and they arguedthat bodies float if their shape is wide and smooth so they cannot cut through the resistance of thewater. Floating bodies were a topic on which Galileo was especi ally knowledgeable, as he hadbeen interested in the subject since, when as a student, he had read Archimedes. He was able tosupport his point so brilliantly that one of the guests of honor, Maffeo Cardinal Barberini, sidedwith him. Years later, Cardinal Barberini became Pope Urban VIII and turned against Galileo,becoming one of his bitter enemies, but at that moment he was as congenial as one could be,sincerely admiring Galileos dialectical skill. Perhaps to please the Cardinal, the Grand Dukeasked Galileo to put his argument into writing, which he did. The result was The Discourse onFloating Bodies. Galileos sharp, almost sarcastic wit made him especially suited to arguments and debates,of which he was to have many in the following years. Some of these resulted in famous writingsthat added to his lasting glory; many antagonized people of his time and turned many of them intoenemies. The Peripatetics at the Grand Dukes table were not very dangerous as potential enemies,but his next adversary was. Even before the Discourse on Floating Bodies was published in1612, Galileo was engaged in a conflict with an astronomer whose name he did not know and wasnot to find out for over a year the Jesuit father Christopher Scheiner (1575-1650). In 1610,Galileo had claimed to be the first discoverer of sunspots; so had Father Scheiner, and the twohad entered into a bitter dispute. Father Scheiner had communicated his opinions on hisobservations of sunspots in several letters to Mark Welser, a German patron of science. Perhapsto avoid direct criticism, Scheiner wrote under a pen name. Mark Welser published Scheinersletters and sent them to Galileo for comment without revealing the name of the author. .u84a6b80062d5037f48a4f7d0c24b7842 , .u84a6b80062d5037f48a4f7d0c24b7842 .postImageUrl , .u84a6b80062d5037f48a4f7d0c24b7842 .centered-text-area { min-height: 80px; position: relative; } .u84a6b80062d5037f48a4f7d0c24b7842 , .u84a6b80062d5037f48a4f7d0c24b7842:hover , .u84a6b80062d5037f48a4f7d0c24b7842:visited , .u84a6b80062d5037f48a4f7d0c24b7842:active { border:0!important; } .u84a6b80062d5037f48a4f7d0c24b7842 .clearfix:after { content: ""; display: table; clear: both; } .u84a6b80062d5037f48a4f7d0c24b7842 { display: block; transition: background-color 250ms; webkit-transition: background-color 250ms; width: 100%; opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #95A5A6; } .u84a6b80062d5037f48a4f7d0c24b7842:active , .u84a6b80062d5037f48a4f7d0c24b7842:hover { opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #2C3E50; } .u84a6b80062d5037f48a4f7d0c24b7842 .centered-text-area { width: 100%; position: relative ; } .u84a6b80062d5037f48a4f7d0c24b7842 .ctaText { border-bottom: 0 solid #fff; color: #2980B9; font-size: 16px; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; text-decoration: underline; } .u84a6b80062d5037f48a4f7d0c24b7842 .postTitle { color: #FFFFFF; font-size: 16px; font-weight: 600; margin: 0; padding: 0; width: 100%; } .u84a6b80062d5037f48a4f7d0c24b7842 .ctaButton { background-color: #7F8C8D!important; color: #2980B9; border: none; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: none; font-size: 14px; font-weight: bold; line-height: 26px; moz-border-radius: 3px; text-align: center; text-decoration: none; text-shadow: none; width: 80px; min-height: 80px; background: url(https://artscolumbia.org/wp-content/plugins/intelly-related-posts/assets/images/simple-arrow.png)no-repeat; position: absolute; right: 0; top: 0; } .u84a6b80062d5037f48a4f7d0c24b7842:hover .ctaButton { background-color: #34495E!important; } .u84a6b80062d5037f48a4f7d0c24b7842 .centered-text { display: table; height: 80px; padding-left : 18px; top: 0; } .u84a6b80062d5037f48a4f7d0c24b7842 .u84a6b80062d5037f48a4f7d0c24b7842-content { display: table-cell; margin: 0; padding: 0; padding-right: 108px; position: relative; vertical-align: middle; width: 100%; } .u84a6b80062d5037f48a4f7d0c24b7842:after { content: ""; display: block; clear: both; } READ: The Geography of Art EssayGalileo replied in three Letters on Sunspots addressed to Welser (in Italian, whichScheiner could not read and had to have translated, while Scheiner had not written in his nativeGerman, but in Latin). In his letters, Galileo severely criticized Scheiners views. The greatest significance of these Letters on Sunspots, as far as the Church wasconcerned, was that for the first time in print Galileo had openly endorsed Copernicuss theory asa reality and not as a mere hypothesis, and that he had used his own discoveries as proofs in favorof Copernicanism. Just as important, he had unwittingly antagonized a Jesuit, the first of many. The Jesuits were powerful in the Church, and in particular they were advisers on educationalmatters. It was unfortunate indeed that so many of them sooner or later should withdraw theirprevious friendship, respect, or even indifference toward Galileo to pass into the enemy camp. The trouble, however, initially came from other quarters. In 1613, Galileo learned fromFather Benedetto Castelli, one of his most beloved pupils, that in the course of a discussion at thecourt of Tuscany, the dowager Grand Duchess, Christina de Lorena, had taken the stand that theearth could not move because its motion would contradict the Holy Scriptures. Galileo decided that the time had come to explain his views on the relations betweenscience and faith. He did this in his Letter to Castelli, which he sent, in manuscript copies, notonly to his pupil Castelli, but also to several friends. Soon afterward, in his Letter to the GrandDuchess Cristina, he elaborated what he had written to Castelli. It was lofty and solemn andshowed that Galileos faith in nature and its laws went side by side with his faith in God. Itcontains passages which are among Galileos most beautifulToday, these views are widely shared and officially recognized by the Church. In fact, in1893, Pope Leo XIII wrote a paper which presented the churchs official point of view concerningthe relationships between science and scripture; this statement cannot be distinguished fromGalileos. Even in Galileos time, the highest authorities of the Church did not call his letters toCastelli and Cristina into question; but some in the Church did criticize them. To these few whohad l ittle understanding of new developments in science, Galileos writings seemed an outsidersinterference in religious matters. A Dominican friar denounced the Letter to Castelli to theInquisition. Another Dominican, Father Tomaso Caccini, who had once been disciplined for beinga scandal-maker, preached a sermon against Galileo in the popular church of Santa MariaNovella in Florence. He concluded by saying that mathematics was an art of the devil, thatmathematicians were the source of all heresies and should be ousted from all countries. Shortlyafterward, he too testified against Galileo before the Inquisition. Although there was secrecy surrounding the Inquisition, Galileo became aware of whatwas going on in Rome and decided his presence was needed there. He was warmly welcomedand stayed at the Villa Medici, the Tuscan embassy, on the Grand Dukes order. Although hisfriends strongly advised against it, Galileo immediately resumed his campaign in favor ofCopernicus through intense talks and discussions with almost everyone of importance in Romeand through several new writings. In fact, several cardinals did their best to persuade him to keepquiet in public about Copernicus, regardless of his private belief, but Galileo could not bedeterred. Ultimately, the Inquisition never really questioned the theological views that Galileo hadexpressed in his letters; and he was able to clear himself of charges of heresy and blasphemyconcerning the nature of God. The Inquisition, however, did denounce Galileo for his defense ofCopernicuss theories, and on order of the Pope, admonished Galileo that he was not to hold,teach, or defend the condemned opinion of Copernicus. A few days later, Copernicuss book, DeRevolutionibus, which had been dedicated to a Pope, and which the Pope had accepted, and withwhich the Church had found no fault until Galileo had started to present it as reality, wascondemned and prohibited until it should be corrected. Yet, the Roman Catholic Church hadtaken no action against Copernicuss books or his ideas until Galileo undertook his campaign toconvert the theologians. At the hands of Galileo, the heliocentric system threatened thegeocentric and, much more serious, Gods creation was becoming an object of direct humanobservation which could be interpreted without the help of the Scriptures or of religion. In short,Galileo was condemned because he could not keep his opinions to himself and could not resist thetemptation to expose the ignorance, deceit, and manipulation of the powerful religious leaders ofthe time. .ub2222b04f945ed9c76d5a9fb3ad9310d , .ub2222b04f945ed9c76d5a9fb3ad9310d .postImageUrl , .ub2222b04f945ed9c76d5a9fb3ad9310d .centered-text-area { min-height: 80px; position: relative; } .ub2222b04f945ed9c76d5a9fb3ad9310d , .ub2222b04f945ed9c76d5a9fb3ad9310d:hover , .ub2222b04f945ed9c76d5a9fb3ad9310d:visited , .ub2222b04f945ed9c76d5a9fb3ad9310d:active { border:0!important; } .ub2222b04f945ed9c76d5a9fb3ad9310d .clearfix:after { content: ""; display: table; clear: both; } .ub2222b04f945ed9c76d5a9fb3ad9310d { display: block; transition: background-color 250ms; webkit-transition: background-color 250ms; width: 100%; opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #95A5A6; } .ub2222b04f945ed9c76d5a9fb3ad9310d:active , .ub2222b04f945ed9c76d5a9fb3ad9310d:hover { opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #2C3E50; } .ub2222b04f945ed9c76d5a9fb3ad9310d .centered-text-area { width: 100%; position: relative ; } .ub2222b04f945ed9c76d5a9fb3ad9310d .ctaText { border-bottom: 0 solid #fff; color: #2980B9; font-size: 16px; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; text-decoration: underline; } .ub2222b04f945ed9c76d5a9fb3ad9310d .postTitle { color: #FFFFFF; font-size: 16px; font-weight: 600; margin: 0; padding: 0; width: 100%; } .ub2222b04f945ed9c76d5a9fb3ad9310d .ctaButton { background-color: #7F8C8D!important; color: #2980B9; border: none; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: none; font-size: 14px; font-weight: bold; line-height: 26px; moz-border-radius: 3px; text-align: center; text-decoration: none; text-shadow: none; width: 80px; min-height: 80px; background: url(https://artscolumbia.org/wp-content/plugins/intelly-related-posts/assets/images/simple-arrow.png)no-repeat; position: absolute; right: 0; top: 0; } .ub2222b04f945ed9c76d5a9fb3ad9310d:hover .ctaButton { background-color: #34495E!important; } .ub2222b04f945ed9c76d5a9fb3ad9310d .centered-text { display: table; height: 80px; padding-left : 18px; top: 0; } .ub2222b04f945ed9c76d5a9fb3ad9310d .ub2222b04f945ed9c76d5a9fb3ad9310d-content { display: table-cell; margin: 0; padding: 0; padding-right: 108px; position: relative; vertical-align: middle; width: 100%; } .ub2222b04f945ed9c76d5a9fb3ad9310d:after { content: ""; display: block; clear: both; } READ: Essay about The Secret Life of Bees Movie Review EssayHistory Essays The Heresy Of Galileo Essay Example For Students The Heresy Of Galileo Essay ? THE HERESY OF GALILEOGalileo was condemned by the Inquisition, not for his own brilliant theories, but becausehe stood up for his belief in Copernicuss theory that the earth was not, as the Church insisted, thecenter of the universe, but that rather, the universe is heliocentric. Galileo was a man oftremendous intellect and imagination living in a era dominated by the Catholic Church, whichattempted to control the people by dictating their own version of reality. Any person whopublicly questioned Church doctrine ran the chance of condemnation and punishment. If mancould think, man could question, and the Church could lose its authority over the masses. Thiscould not be tolerated in the 17th century, when the Church had the power to dictate reality. Copernicus probably avoided a similar fate by confining his opinions to his students and theuniversity milieu, and in fact his theories were not published until the time of his death. We will write a custom essay on The Heresy Of Galileo specifically for you for only $16.38 $13.9/page Order now To be tried by the Inquisition was something that nobody could take lightly. Although inGalileos time the Inquisition was becoming more and more lenient, it was known to have usedtorture in the past and to have sent many heretics to burn at the stake. As late as 1600, this fatehad befallen the Italian thinker Giordano Bruno, a one-time Dominican friar who had adopted apantheistic philosophy of nature. From the summer of 1605, Galileo was private tutor of mathematics to young PrinceCosimo de Medici, son of the Grand Duke of Tuscany. Teacher and pupil became sincerelyattached to each other by mutual affection and deference, and this bond lasted to the end ofGalileos life. Galileo remained a good friend of the Grand Duke as well. In the summer of 1611,the Grand Duke invited Galileo to a dinner party at his court. The Duke liked to gather greatscholars around him, especially when he had illustrious guests, to hear them talk about issues ofinterest to the learned world. At this dinner the discussion centered on floating bodies. Galileomaintained that bodies can float only if their specific gravity is less than that of water. Among thedinner guests there were, however, some followers of Aristotles philosophies, and they arguedthat bodies float if their shape is wide and smooth so they cannot cut through the resistance of thewater. Floating bodies were a topic on which Galileo was especi ally knowledgeable, as he hadbeen interested in the subject since, when as a student, he had read Archimedes. He was able tosupport his point so brilliantly that one of the guests of honor, Maffeo Cardinal Barberini, sidedwith him. Years later, Cardinal Barberini became Pope Urban VIII and turned against Galileo,becoming one of his bitter enemies, but at that moment he was as congenial as one could be,sincerely admiring Galileos dialectical skill. Perhaps to please the Cardinal, the Grand Dukeasked Galileo to put his argument into writing, which he did. The result was The Discourse onFloating Bodies. Galileos sharp, almost sarcastic wit made him especially suited to arguments and debates,of which he was to have many in the following years. Some of these resulted in famous writingsthat added to his lasting glory; many antagonized people of his time and turned many of them intoenemies. The Peripatetics at the Grand Dukes table were not very dangerous as potential enemies,but his next adversary was. Even before the Discourse on Floating Bodies was published in1612, Galileo was engaged in a conflict with an astronomer whose name he did not know and wasnot to find out for over a year the Jesuit father Christopher Scheiner (1575-1650). In 1610,Galileo had claimed to be the first discoverer of sunspots; so had Father Scheiner, and the twohad entered into a bitter dispute. Father Scheiner had communicated his opinions on hisobservations of sunspots in several letters to Mark Welser, a German patron of science. Perhapsto avoid direct criticism, Scheiner wrote under a pen name. Mark Welser published Scheinersletters and sent them to Galileo for comment without revealing the name of the author. .u12c803ecc4125c2cb358d23337f654bd , .u12c803ecc4125c2cb358d23337f654bd .postImageUrl , .u12c803ecc4125c2cb358d23337f654bd .centered-text-area { min-height: 80px; position: relative; } .u12c803ecc4125c2cb358d23337f654bd , .u12c803ecc4125c2cb358d23337f654bd:hover , .u12c803ecc4125c2cb358d23337f654bd:visited , .u12c803ecc4125c2cb358d23337f654bd:active { border:0!important; } .u12c803ecc4125c2cb358d23337f654bd .clearfix:after { content: ""; display: table; clear: both; } .u12c803ecc4125c2cb358d23337f654bd { display: block; transition: background-color 250ms; webkit-transition: background-color 250ms; width: 100%; opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #95A5A6; } .u12c803ecc4125c2cb358d23337f654bd:active , .u12c803ecc4125c2cb358d23337f654bd:hover { opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #2C3E50; } .u12c803ecc4125c2cb358d23337f654bd .centered-text-area { width: 100%; position: relative ; } .u12c803ecc4125c2cb358d23337f654bd .ctaText { border-bottom: 0 solid #fff; color: #2980B9; font-size: 16px; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; text-decoration: underline; } .u12c803ecc4125c2cb358d23337f654bd .postTitle { color: #FFFFFF; font-size: 16px; font-weight: 600; margin: 0; padding: 0; width: 100%; } .u12c803ecc4125c2cb358d23337f654bd .ctaButton { background-color: #7F8C8D!important; color: #2980B9; border: none; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: none; font-size: 14px; font-weight: bold; line-height: 26px; moz-border-radius: 3px; text-align: center; text-decoration: none; text-shadow: none; width: 80px; min-height: 80px; background: url(https://artscolumbia.org/wp-content/plugins/intelly-related-posts/assets/images/simple-arrow.png)no-repeat; position: absolute; right: 0; top: 0; } .u12c803ecc4125c2cb358d23337f654bd:hover .ctaButton { background-color: #34495E!important; } .u12c803ecc4125c2cb358d23337f654bd .centered-text { display: table; height: 80px; padding-left : 18px; top: 0; } .u12c803ecc4125c2cb358d23337f654bd .u12c803ecc4125c2cb358d23337f654bd-content { display: table-cell; margin: 0; padding: 0; padding-right: 108px; position: relative; vertical-align: middle; width: 100%; } .u12c803ecc4125c2cb358d23337f654bd:after { content: ""; display: block; clear: both; } READ: Respect EssayGalileo replied in three Letters on Sunspots addressed to Welser (in Italian, whichScheiner could not read and had to have translated, while Scheiner had not written in his nativeGerman, but in Latin). In his letters, Galileo severely criticized Scheiners views. The greatest significance of these Letters on Sunspots, as far as the Church wasconcerned, was that for the first time in print Galileo had openly endorsed Copernicuss theory asa reality and not as a mere hypothesis, and that he had used his own discoveries as proofs in favorof Copernicanism. Just as important, he had unwittingly antagonized a Jesuit, the first of many. The Jesuits were powerful in the Church, and in particular they were advisers on educationalmatters. It was unfortunate indeed that so many of them sooner or later should withdraw theirprevious friendship, respect, or even indifference toward Galileo to pass into the enemy camp. The trouble, however, initially came from other quarters. In 1613, Galileo learned fromFather Benedetto Castelli, one of his most beloved pupils, that in the course of a discussion at thecourt of Tuscany, the dowager Grand Duchess, Christina de Lorena, had taken the stand that theearth could not move because its motion would contradict the Holy Scriptures. Galileo decided that the time had come to explain his views on the relations betweenscience and faith. He did this in his Letter to Castelli, which he sent, in manuscript copies, notonly to his pupil Castelli, but also to several friends. Soon afterward, in his Letter to the GrandDuchess Cristina, he elaborated what he had written to Castelli. It was lofty and solemn andshowed that Galileos faith in nature and its laws went side by side with his faith in God. Itcontains passages which are among Galileos most beautifulToday, these views are widely shared and officially recognized by the Church. In fact, in1893, Pope Leo XIII wrote a paper which presented the churchs official point of view concerningthe relationships between science and scripture; this statement cannot be distinguished fromGalileos. Even in Galileos time, the highest authorities of the Church did not call his letters toCastelli and Cristina into question; but some in the Church did criticize them. To these few whohad l ittle understanding of new developments in science, Galileos writings seemed an outsidersinterference in religious matters. A Dominican friar denounced the Letter to Castelli to theInquisition. Another Dominican, Father Tomaso Caccini, who had once been disciplined for beinga scandal-maker, preached a sermon against Galileo in the popular church of Santa MariaNovella in Florence. He concluded by saying that mathematics was an art of the devil, thatmathematicians were the source of all heresies and should be ousted from all countries. Shortlyafterward, he too testified against Galileo before the Inquisition. Although there was secrecy surrounding the Inquisition, Galileo became aware of whatwas going on in Rome and decided his presence was needed there. He was warmly welcomedand stayed at the Villa Medici, the Tuscan embassy, on the Grand Dukes order. Although hisfriends strongly advised against it, Galileo immediately resumed his campaign in favor ofCopernicus through intense talks and discussions with almost everyone of importance in Romeand through several new writings. In fact, several cardinals did their best to persuade him to keepquiet in public about Copernicus, regardless of his private belief, but Galileo could not bedeterred. Ultimately, the Inquisition never really questioned the theological views that Galileo hadexpressed in his letters; and he was able to clear himself of charges of heresy and blasphemyconcerning the nature of God. The Inquisition, however, did denounce Galileo for his defense ofCopernicuss theories, and on order of the Pope, admonished Galileo that he was not to hold,teach, or defend the condemned opinion of Copernicus. A few days later, Copernicuss book, DeRevolutionibus, which had been dedicated to a Pope, and which the Pope had accepted, and withwhich the Church had found no fault until Galileo had started to present it as reality, wascondemned and prohibited until it should be corrected. Yet, the Roman Catholic Church hadtaken no action against Copernicuss books or his ideas until Galileo undertook his campaign toconvert the theologians. At the hands of Galileo, the heliocentric system threatened thegeocentric and, much more serious, Gods creation was becoming an object of direct humanobservation which could be interpreted without the help of the Scriptures or of religion. In short,Galileo was condemned because he could not keep his opinions to himself and could not resist thetemptation to expose the ignorance, deceit, and manipulation of the powerful religious leaders ofthe time. .u4dfabe5f3e5a9bb0caabe2c091585a70 , .u4dfabe5f3e5a9bb0caabe2c091585a70 .postImageUrl , .u4dfabe5f3e5a9bb0caabe2c091585a70 .centered-text-area { min-height: 80px; position: relative; } .u4dfabe5f3e5a9bb0caabe2c091585a70 , .u4dfabe5f3e5a9bb0caabe2c091585a70:hover , .u4dfabe5f3e5a9bb0caabe2c091585a70:visited , .u4dfabe5f3e5a9bb0caabe2c091585a70:active { border:0!important; } .u4dfabe5f3e5a9bb0caabe2c091585a70 .clearfix:after { content: ""; display: table; clear: both; } .u4dfabe5f3e5a9bb0caabe2c091585a70 { display: block; transition: background-color 250ms; webkit-transition: background-color 250ms; width: 100%; opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #95A5A6; } .u4dfabe5f3e5a9bb0caabe2c091585a70:active , .u4dfabe5f3e5a9bb0caabe2c091585a70:hover { opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #2C3E50; } .u4dfabe5f3e5a9bb0caabe2c091585a70 .centered-text-area { width: 100%; position: relative ; } .u4dfabe5f3e5a9bb0caabe2c091585a70 .ctaText { border-bottom: 0 solid #fff; color: #2980B9; font-size: 16px; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; text-decoration: underline; } .u4dfabe5f3e5a9bb0caabe2c091585a70 .postTitle { color: #FFFFFF; font-size: 16px; font-weight: 600; margin: 0; padding: 0; width: 100%; } .u4dfabe5f3e5a9bb0caabe2c091585a70 .ctaButton { background-color: #7F8C8D!important; color: #2980B9; border: none; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: none; font-size: 14px; font-weight: bold; line-height: 26px; moz-border-radius: 3px; text-align: center; text-decoration: none; text-shadow: none; width: 80px; min-height: 80px; background: url(https://artscolumbia.org/wp-content/plugins/intelly-related-posts/assets/images/simple-arrow.png)no-repeat; position: absolute; right: 0; top: 0; } .u4dfabe5f3e5a9bb0caabe2c091585a70:hover .ctaButton { background-color: #34495E!important; } .u4dfabe5f3e5a9bb0caabe2c091585a70 .centered-text { display: table; height: 80px; padding-left : 18px; top: 0; } .u4dfabe5f3e5a9bb0caabe2c091585a70 .u4dfabe5f3e5a9bb0caabe2c091585a70-content { display: table-cell; margin: 0; padding: 0; padding-right: 108px; position: relative; vertical-align: middle; width: 100%; } .u4dfabe5f3e5a9bb0caabe2c091585a70:after { content: ""; display: block; clear: both; } READ: Job Satisfaction at Infosys and Its Implications for Motivating Employees at Infosys Sample EssayHistory Essays

Sunday, March 8, 2020

Baryons essays

Baryons essays All particles can be classified into two broad categories: leptons and hadrons. The main difference between the two is whether they interact through the strong interaction. Hadrons are particles that interact through all four fundamental interactions of nature, which include, strong, electromagnetic, weak, and gravitational interactions. Hadrons, the strongly interacting particles, can be further subdivided into two classes based on their internal composition: mesons and baryons. Originally, mesons and baryons were classified according to their masses. Baryons were heavier than mesons, and both were heavier than leptons. Today mesons and baryons are distinguished by their internal structure. Baryons have masses greater than the proton mass. All hadrons are composed of two or three fundamental particles, which came to be known as quarks. A quark is always combined with one or two other quarks. According to the original model proposed by Murray Gell-Mann and George Zweig in 1963, there were three types of quarks indicated by the symbols u, d, and s. These were given the arbitrary names up, down, and sideways (now referred to as strange). Associated with each quark is an anti-quark, which are the antimatter equivalents of quarks, opposite in electric charge. Later evidence allowed theorists to propose the existence of several more quarks: charm(c), top (t), and bottom (b). These six quarks species are paired with their flavors: up and down, top and bottom, and charm and strange. A baryon is a "heavy" subatomic particle having strong interactions (a hadron) which either is a nucleon or can transform or decays into a final state of stable particles including a single nucleon plus eventually some additional electrons, photons, neutrinos and/or nucleon-anti-nucleon pairs. This definition is only suitable if the quality characterizing a baryon is conserved in all involved reactions or decays and this ...

Thursday, February 20, 2020

Effects of Font Size in Standardized Testing Research Paper

Effects of Font Size in Standardized Testing - Research Paper Example In an experiment to determine how types of font and font sizes affect people’s ability to read as well as the time they take to read a given piece of writing, researchers reported that font size of 14 is more legible than font size of 12. Similarly, people could read faster under font size 14 as compared to font size 12 (Bernard, Liao and Mills n.p.). This identifies impacts on ability to understand and respond to written materials such as written tests and is essential in determining effectiveness of a test. A test on course content is for example effective when it is free from confounds such as font size barriers. This paper investigates existence of font size effect on standardized tests. It aims at determining existence of a significant relationship between font size in tests and students’ performance. Such a relationship will establish a basis for determination of the most efficient font size for testing potentials and will allow for accurate determination of stude nts’ abilities through written tests. Results of the research are further applicable to employers in their employee selection process. It allows them an efficient basis for determining recruiters’ accurate potentials. ... In this experiment, font size defines the size with which words are presented in tests, while students’ performance defines students’ scores from tests. The research anticipates a significant positive relationship between the variables. Methods Participants The research participants will be a group of psychology students. A sample size of 45 students will be used. Materials Research materials will include sets of examination materials; test papers with different font sizes, answer booklets, and pens. Design The research proposes a quasi-experimental design with a within group testing. The sample will form a single group that will be subjected to repeated tests. Stratified random sampling design will be applied in generating the research sample because of its advantages of generating a representative sample without inducing bias (Lim and Ting 14- 17). Procedure Ethical approval will be obtained for the research before seeking the school administration’s consent fo r implementation. Stratified random sampling method will then be used to select students from different psychology classes but who share a common unit. The sampled students will then be informed of the scope of the research, its application, and involved ethical issues before asking for their voluntary consent to participate. The participants will then be subjected to an examination, under normal test conditions, but with different font size print outs that will be randomly allocated to participants. The fonts will be 10, 11, 12, 13, and 14. The procedure will be repeated for four different tests. Quantitative analysis will be used for the data. Descriptive statistics will be generated to identify characteristics of students’ performance by

The Lottery By Shirley Jackson - 1112 Words

Two stories that correlate the best with each other are â€Å"The Lottery† by Shirley Jackson and â€Å"Those Who Walk A...